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What Does a School Resource Officer Do?

 

A SRO Job Description provided by the Center for the Prevention of School Violence

The following lists provide examples of job duties School Resource Officers carry out when assigned to schools. They highlight the three roles used to define what SROs do in the schools: law enforcement officer; law-related counselor; law-related education teacher; the close relationship SROs must create and maintain with principals; and that SROs must work closely with parents, students, and members of the community.

DUTIES OF THE SCHOOL RESOURCE OFFICERS EXAMPLE ONE

  • To prevent juvenile delinquency through close contact with students and school personnel

  • To establish liaison with school principals, faculty, and students

  • To establish and maintain liaison between School Security personnel and other SROs assigned to school campuses

  • To inform the students of their rights and responsibilities as lawful citizens

  • To provide liaison between students and social agencies which provide needed services

  • To act as a liaison resource to the principal in investigating criminal law violations occurring in the school or on school property

  • To assist administration and faculty in formulating criminal justice programs

  • To formulate educational crime prevention programs to reduce the opportunity for crimes against persons and property in the schools

  • To participate in the Parent-Teacher-Student Association meetings as requested

  • To participate in campus activities, student organizations, and athletic events when invited and feasible

  • To be aware at all times of the responsibility to improve the image of the uniformed law enforcement officer in the eyes of the students and the community

DUTIES OF SCHOOL RESOURCE OFFICERS EXAMPLE TWO

  • To protect lives and property for the citizens and public school students

  • To enforce Federal, State and Local criminal laws and ordinances, and to assist school officials with the enforcement of Board of Education Policies and Administrative Regulations regarding student conduct

  • To investigate criminal activity committed on or adjacent to school property

  • To counsel public school students in special situations, such as students suspected of engaging in criminal misconduct, when requested by the principal or the principal's designee or by the parents of the student

  • To answer questions that students may have about criminal or juvenile law

  • To assist other law enforcement officers with outside investigations concerning students attending the school(s) to which the SRO is assigned

  • To provide security for special school events or functions, such as PTA meetings, at the request of the principal or the Safety Manager

To provide traffic control during the arrival and departure of students when a school crossing guard is absent

DUTIES OF SCHOOL RESOURCE OFFICERS EXAMPLE THREE

  • Abide by school board policies and shall consult with and coordinate activities through the school principal but shall remain fully responsive to the chain of command of the law enforcement agency in all matters relating to employment and supervision.

  • Develop expertise in presenting various subjects; particularly in meeting federal and state mandates in drug abuse prevention education and shall provide these presentations at the request of the school personnel in accordance with the established curriculum.

  • Encourage individual and small group discussions about law enforcement related matters with students, faculty, and parents.

  • Refrain completely from functioning as a school disciplinarian. The School Resource Officer is not to be involved in the enforcement of disciplinary infractions that do not constitute violations of the law.

  • Attend meetings of parent and faculty groups to solicit their support and understanding of the School Resource Officer program and to promote awareness of law enforcement functions.

  • Serve as a member of the school Student Services Committee and will be familiar with all community agencies which offer assistance to youths and their families such as mental health clinics, drug treatment centers, etc., and may make referrals when appropriate.
    Confer with the principal to develop plans and strategies to prevent and/or minimize dangerous situations on or near the campus or involving students at school-related activities.

  • Perform duties as determined by the principal other than those regularly assigned to school personnel such as lunchroom or hall duty. (Nothing herein is intended to preclude the SRO from being available in areas where interaction with students is expected.)

  • Abide by school board policy and applicable law concerning interviews should it be necessary to conduct formal law enforcement interviews with students or staff on property or at school functions under the jurisdiction of the School Board.

  • Take law enforcement action as necessary and notify the principal of the school as soon as possible; whenever practicable advise the principal before requesting additional enforcement assistance on campus and undertake all additional law enforcement responsibilities at the principal's direction.

  • Give assistance to officers in matters regarding the duties of SROs whenever necessary.

  • In order to assure the peaceful operation of school-related programs, SROs will, whenever possible, participate in or attend school functions.

  • Reaffirm their roles as law enforcement officers by wearing their uniforms, unless doing so would be inappropriate for scheduled school activities. (The uniform will also be worn at events where it will enhance the image of the officers and their ability to perform their duties.)

  • Coordinate with the principal and be responsible for law enforcement and security activity at extra- curricular events as determined by the principal.